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Innovation Gender Gap: How to Create Innovation Gender Indicators – The Chilean Way

Dealing with IP data can be challenging by itself. Adding gender to the mix makes it even more complex. Learn how Chile built its own set of innovation gender indicators.

Estimated reading time: 2 minutes
(Photo: Getty)

As mentioned in our story on How to Measure the Gender Gap in Innovation, there are different ways to get innovation and IP data with gender breakdown. Mr. Álvaro González, Head of Business Intelligence at INAPI, shared how Chile managed to do it and the results they got.

Mr. González’s presentation during the Panel II: IP economists panel on challenges of measuring and analyzing the gender gap in the IP system of the Americas.

They started by merging their patent data with three external sources:

  1. The Civil Registry of Chile. Matching the inventors and applicants IDs that INAPI had with national records allowed them to get the gender for each inventor and applicant.
  1. WIPO’s International Patent Classification (IPC). Matching the IPC codes that were in their records with the IPC table made it possible to transform the codes into technological fields.
  1. Tax Service Department of Chile. Matching patent owners IDs with company IDs allowed them to gain information about the types of companies applying for patents.

Once they finished, they compiled a Gender Dashboard with the following indicators:

    • Share of patents with at least one female inventor. 05:45
    • Share of female inventors over time. 06:15
    • Share of female inventors across technological fields. 06:40
    • Share of female inventors by type of applicant. 08:50
    • Count of female inventors across universities. 11:00
    • Share of female inventors across universities. 11:00
    • Share of teachers becoming inventors, by gender. 13:10

Do you want to learn more about Chile’s experience? Find their latest Gender Report and check our selection of studies on the country.

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Guidelines for producing gender analysis from innovation and IP data

Understanding how women and men can access and use the intellectual property (IP) system equally is key to ensuring that their ingenuity and creativity translates into economic, social and cultural development. This short guide summarizes best practice for producing innovation and IP gender indicators.